India is courting peril by aligning militarily with the United States

Image result for pics of trump and Modi

 

The nixing of the Iran nuclear deal, the Trans-Pacific Partnership, and the Paris Agreement are only some of the many ways that the United States has alienated its closest allies.1 President Donald Trump has already roiled the milieu by demanding that allies do more for themselves and rely less on his country.2 The United States, an inconsistent and unreliable friend even under prior US administrations, has increasingly become a feeble and feckless ally. Increasing military alignment, let alone a strategic partnership, with the United States would be a liability for India.

The dangers of partnering with the United States have only grown during the Trump administration. Trump’s decision-making method is, according to one former US intelligence official, based “less on fact and evidence and more on feeling, preference, emotion, grievance, tribe, loyalty”.3 Trump’s belief system sees the United States being “ripped off” in multilateral forums and that better terms are only obtainable on a bilateral basis. His world view is that of an economically-strapped and exploited America, its wealth decanted through unfair trade transactions and military pacts requiring the United States to expend its resources while allies strengthen their economies and free-ride on security. How can India expect to benefit from aligning itself with such a destabilising commander-in-chief?

India is no exception to Trump’s wrath

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been no exception to Trump’s scant respect for allied leaders, negligible interest in addressing what allied leaders want, and unreasonable expectations of loyalty.4 While Trump reciprocated the Indian leader’s trademark public hugs during Modi’s June 2017 Washington visit and made the usual noises about shared democratic values, Trump soon thereafter stuck it to India.5 Despite Modi’s fervent appeals, the Trump administration weakened India’s flagship US$167 billion information technology industry by all but killing off H1B visas — a generally tech-focused visa, of which some 70 per cent go to Indians.6 Furthermore, the United States has imposed tariffs on Indian steel, aluminium and engineering goods, accused India’s cost-competitive pharmaceutical industry of price-fixing, and challenged the Indian government’s agricultural subsidy scheme at the World Trade Organization.7 These measures reflect an attitude that is not just unsympathetic to Indian concerns but inimical to India’s national interest.

The Debate Papers

Weak on China and indifferent to Indian security

The basic geostrategic reason for India and the United States getting together is ostensibly to balance China’s power in Asia. As a candidate, Trump promised that he’d label China a “currency manipulator”, put Beijing under economic pressure, and join Asian states and Australia in arresting the spread of Chinese power and influence in the Indo-Pacific region. As president, however, he seems eager to humour Chinese President Xi Jinping and, far from penalising China, has reversed the technology ban on the Chinese telecommunications giant ZTE, tweeting that this would have cost “too many jobs in China” — the sort of solicitousness not shown towards India.8

With Washington spurning the hard line with China, it will likely flinch in military crises involving its Asian partners and the People’s Liberation Army.9 In this regard, Trump virtually urged Japan to get its own nuclear weapons.10 He has not, however, encouraged India to resume nuclear testing (barred by the 2008 Indo-US civilian nuclear cooperation deal) and secure for itself a proven thermonuclear arsenal (because the fusion device tested in 1998 had fizzled) even though it would be an Asian deterrent to China’s aggression, and lessen the military dilemma for the United States.11

Indeed, the nuclear deal is only the latest diplomatic contrivance in a series of US nonproliferation policies and actions from the early 1960s when the Indian nuclear energy program reached the weapons threshold. The US aim thereafter was to prevent India from obtaining nuclear weapons and, post-1998, proven thermonuclear armaments and intercontinental ballistic missiles.12 Given that its extended deterrence policy lacks credibility, Washington’s continued antipathy to India emerging as a thermonuclear weapons-armed Asian military counterweight suggests an absence of trust and Washington’s desire to keep India from becoming an independent power.

Few dividends for India from US alignment

Trust is the glue binding strategic partnerships. Its absence ensures that geopolitical plans remain only intentions. A trust deficit has always marred Indo-US relations, with Washington continually disregarding contractual obligations, retroactively changing agreements, and imposing economic and technology sanctions that have hurt India’s growth prospects and disabled its fighting capabilities.13

Post-nuclear deal, the United States has not walked the talk, even denying India high technology already accessed by China.14 The US-Indian Defence Technology and Trade Initiative, created in 2012 to help increase defence ties between the two nations, has yet to produce any collaborative projects in advanced military technology. Yet India is nonetheless still asked to seed trust by buying more high-cost, non-lethal goods (transport and P-8I maritime surveillance aircraft) and obsolete weapons systems — F-16 combat aircraft, M-777 howitzers, etc.15

Finding support outside of the United States

Juxtaposed with Moscow’s supply of frontline weapons systems (Sukhoi Su-30MKI fighter planes, T-90 tanks, and leasing of the nuclear-powered Akula-II-class SSNs) and assistance to sensitive indigenous projects like the nuclear-powered ballistic missile-firing Arihant-class submarine, and America ends up looking less like a friend than a proto-adversary intent on keeping India down.

It is an impression reinforced by the US Congress denying India the waiver from sanctions under Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA) targeting Russia and sought by Defense Secretary James Mattis.16 CAATSA will seriously hurt the Indian military considering 70 per cent of its equipment is of Russian origin. The twist here lies in the hint by some in US policy circles that CAATSA’s impact would be especially mitigated if India followed up the Logistics Support Agreement by signing the Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA).17 But COMCASA, the Indian armed forces fear, will permit the United States to penetrate – vertically and horizontally – the official communications network, including the country’s strategic forces’ command and control links, which is an unacceptable outcome.18

Far from getting Delhi to thin its ties with Russia, CAATSA led Modi to a mini-summit with President Vladimir Putin on 21 May 2018. There, Indo-Russian ties were upgraded to, in Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov’s words, a “special privileged strategic partnership”.19 Maybe the Indian government is waking up to the unpleasant reality that it is more onerous to have America as a friend than foe, because an adversary at least knows where it stands with Washington.

End-notes

  1. Ken Thomas, “US will need to give Kim Jong Un security assurances: Pompeo”, AP, ABC News.go.com, May 13, 2018, https://abcnews.go.com/Politics/wireStory/pompeo-us-give-kim-jong-security-assurances-55129977https://abcnews.go.com/Politics/wireStory/pompeo-us-give-kim-jong-security-assurances-55129977
  2. Jon Henley, “Angela Merkel: EU cannot completely rely on US and Britain anymore”, The Guardian, 28 May 2017, https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/may/28/merkel-says-eu-cannot-completely-rely-on-us-and-britain-any-more-g7-talks 
  3. This according to General Michael V. Hayden former director, CIA. See Fareed Zakaria GPS, CNN Live Today, May 13, 2018, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=24Ht34aUBIo
  4. Matthew Karnitschnig, “Analysis: Trump nukes Europe’s Iranian dreams”, Politico.com, May 9, 2018, https://www.politico.eu/article/trump-nukes-europes-iranian-dreams/; Rebecca Morin, “Trump team sends mixed signals to Europe”, Politico.com, May 13, 2018, https://www.politico.com/story/2018/05/13/bolton-pompeo-trump-iran-sanctions-584206 
  5. “Trump: Relations with India better than ever” – White House speech welcoming Modi, June 26, 2017, CNNhttps://edition.cnn.com/2018/02/07/opinions/trump-india-china-opinion-andelman/index.html 
  6. “Why the American dream just got tougher”, Times of India, April 2, 2018, https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/business/india-business/h-1b-visa-why-the-american-dream-just-got-tougher/articleshow/63576179.cms “H-1B visa approvals for Indian companies drop sharply: Report”, NDTV Profit, April 25, 2018, https://www.ndtv.com/business/h-1b-visa-approvals-for-indian-it-companies-drop-sharply-between-2015-17-report-1842507; “India’s IT, ITeS exports clocked $111 billion in 2016-17: ESC data”, Business Standard, January 25, 2018, http://www.business-standard.com/article/technology/india-s-it-ites-exports-clocked-111-billion-in-2016-17-esc-data-118012501003_1.html; “IT and ITeS industry in India”, India Brand Equity Foundation, April 2018, https://www.ibef.org/industry/information-technology-india.aspx 
  7. Kirtika Suneja, “India to check if US’ move to hike duties on steel, aluminum follows global norms”, Economic Times, March 5, 2018, https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/policy/india-to-check-if-us-move-to-hike-duties-on-steel-aluminium-follows-global-trade-norms/articleshow/63164621.cms; E Kumar Sharma, “Price fixing allegations, a new worry to deal with for some leading Indian pharma companies in the US”, Business Today, November 3, 2017, https://www.businesstoday.in/sectors/pharma/price-fixing-allegations-indian-pharma-companies-in-the-us/story/263225.html; Jayshree Sengupta, “A toothless and weak WTO”, The Tribune, March 27, 2018, http://www.tribuneindia.com/news/comment/a-toothless-weak-wto/564012.html 
  8. Ana Swanson, Mark Landler & Keith Bradsher, “Trump shifts from trade war to concessions in rebuff to hardliners”, New York Times, May 14, 2018, https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/14/business/china-trump–zte.html. And, recall that Trump billed himself (during the 2016 presidential campaign) as India’s “true friend in the White House”. For this Trump quote refer footnote # 6.
  9. “US, China drop tariffs, put trade war on hold”, Reuters, Times of India, May 21, 2018
  10. Jesse Johnson, “Trump warns China it could face ‘big problem’ with ‘warrior nation” Japan over North Korea”, Japan Times, Nov 4, 2017, https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2017/11/04/national/politics-diplomacy/trump-warns-china-face-big-problem-warrior-nation-japan-north-korea/#.Wvu-8u8vzIU 
  11. Bharat Karnad, Nuclear Weapons and Indian Security: The Realist Foundations of Strategy, Second edition [New Delhi: Macmillan India, 2005, 2002], 607-647. 
  12. Ibid, 179-196, 
  13. Bharat Karnad, Why India is Not a Great Power (Yet) [New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2015], 187-219.
  14. Thus, the US approved the Israeli use of the Elta 2032 computer, and not the more powerful Elta 2052 computer, in the Indian AESA (Active Electronically Scanned Array) radar project for the indigenous Tejas Light Combat Aircraft while allowing the transfer of the Elta 2052 computer technology to China. See Karnad, Why India is Not a Great Power (Yet), 186.
  15. See fn #13.
  16. Yashwant Raj, “US defence secretary James Mattis seeks waiver for India from sanctions on Russia”, Hindustan Times, April 27, 2018, https://www.hindustantimes.com/world-news/us-defence-secretary-james-mattis-seeks-waiver-for-india-from-sanctions-on-russia/story-9OErUOwDva2YTb5cKOBJML.html 
  17. Indian official sources; unattributable.
  18. Karnad, Why India is Not a Great Power (Yet), 201-207.
  19. Jayanth Jacob, “Defence buys won’t be dictated by US: India on Russia sanctions”, Hindustan Times, May 18, 2018; “PM-Putin meet elevates ties to ‘spl privileged strategic partnership’”, Times of India, May 22, 2018.
  20. https://in.usembassy.gov/u-s-india-defense-relations-fact-sheet-december-8-2016/https://www.nytimes.com/2018/04/05/world/asia/india-russia-s-400-missiles.html
  21. https://www.cna.org/cna_files/pdf/DRM-2016-U-013926-Final2.pdf
  22. https://www.defensenews.com/home/2016/06/07/us-names-india-major-defense-partner/
  23. https://carnegieendowment.org/2015/04/22/u.s.-and-india-should-collaborate-to-counter-china-in-indian-ocean-pub-59887
  24. https://www.defense.gov/News/Article/Article/1325107/mattis-meeting-with-indian-defense-minister-comes-at-time-of-strategic-converge
  25. http://foreignpolicy.com/2017/08/09/will-china-and-india-go-to-war-over-this-tiny-12-mile-strip-of-land-border-dispute-bhutan/
  26. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.KD.ZG
  27. http://www.business-standard.com/article/economy-policy/india-s-population-to-surpass-china-s-by-2030-un-report-117062600039_1.html
  28. http://mea.gov.in/press-releases.htm?dtl/27019/Statement_on_Award_of_Arbitral_Tribunal_on_South_China_Sea_Under_Annexure_VII_of_UNCLOS
  29. https://www.brookings.edu/opinions/india-feeling-the-heat-on-belt-and-road/
  30. https://www.lowyinstitute.org/the-interpreter/why-india-missed-china-s-belt-and-road-summit
  31. http://www.pmindia.gov.in/en/major_initiatives/make-in-india/
  32. https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/business/india-business/f-16-jet-production-in-india-will-be-exclusive-lockheed/articleshow/63365324.cms

[Published as a ‘Debate Paper’ on the subject “Should India Increase Military alignment with the United States?”, The United States Studies Centre, University of Sydney, Australia, 21 June 2018, https://www.ussc.edu.au/analysis/should-india-increase-military-alignment-with-the-united-states-the-debate-papers ]

About Bharat Karnad

Senior Fellow in National Security Studies at the Centre for Policy Research, New Delhi, he was Member of the (1st) National Security Advisory Board and the Nuclear Doctrine-drafting Group, and author, among other books of, 'Nuclear Weapons and Indian Security: The Realist Foundations of Strategy', 'India's Nuclear Policy' and most recently, 'Why India is Not a Great Power (Yet)'. Educated at the University of California (undergrad and grad), he was Visiting Scholar at Princeton University, University of Pennsylvania, the Shanghai Institutes of International Studies, and Henry L. Stimson Center, Washington, DC.
This entry was posted in arms exports, asia-Pacific/Indo-Pacific, Asian geopolitics, Australia, China, China military, Decision-making, Defence Industry, DRDO, Europe, Geopolitics, India's strategic thinking and policy, Indian Air Force, Indian Army, Indian democracy, Indian ecobomic situation, Indian Navy, Indian Ocean, indian policy -- Israel, Iran and West Asia, Iran and West Asia, Japan, MEA/foreign policy, Military Acquisitions, Military/military advice, Northeast Asia, Nuclear Policy & Strategy, Nuclear Weapons, Relations with Russia, Russia, russian assistance, russian military, South Asia, South East Asia, Strategic Relations with South East Asia & Far East, Strategic Relations with the US & West, Technology transfer, United States, US., Weapons, West Asia. Bookmark the permalink.

21 Responses to India is courting peril by aligning militarily with the United States

  1. Reasoned says:

    Regarding the Nuke Test:

    If the threat of sanction and isolation has paralysed Indian leaders from conducting nuke tests then they should do following things to mitigate that.
    -Test the sub-kiloton scaled down thermonuclear packages in the mountains.
    – Use simulation to scale up the packages until the megaton yield is reached.
    – Create different types of thermonuclear packages with varying megaton yield.
    – Send satellites with seismic instruments on Mars , and 20 thermonuclear weapons with different packages to have redundancy.
    -Under the pretence of terraforming conduct the tests on Mars, away from the prying eyes of international satellites.
    And If we really want to be secretive then conduct the tests on Venus.

    • &^%$#@! says:

      None of the suggestions (above) are practical or make sense,

      • Reasoned says:

        People are seriously considering terraforming mars by nuking its poles. It is a good opportunity for india to wash its hands in this behti ganga.

        It is impractical to expect that Indian leaders – pusillanimous as they are- would risk conducting test when Iran and North Korea are getting squeezed.

        Vajpayi conducted tests in an era when anti-nuclear sentiments were not as high as today’s sentiments, Where less people cared about these sorta things, where internet and social media didn’t kept issues alive. India was also less interconnected with the world so the sanctions did not cripple our economy. we were also lucky that the 9/11 forced America to change its priorities regarding South Asia.

        So the nuke tests with subsequent sanctions would be a hard sell for any Indian politician. Most Indian politicians are concerned about their own survival, would they jeopardise their own future prospect by conducting test which would invite sanctions and massive pressure, maybe, one hopes so. But its highly unlikely that they would put their neck on the line.

    • sanman says:

      We can’t send nukes into space or to other planets – especially using our unreliable delivery systems – that would be fundamentally irresponsible.

  2. &^%$#@! says:

    India must indefinitely postpone the 2+2 meeting. The Indian side will be hopelessly outclassed strategically and intellectually. Add that to the Defense Ministers dubious antecedents India could well be in trouble, and pussyfoot over the wretched CAATSA. Trump understands strength. For starters start talking about nullifying the loathsome LEMOA ASAP. The Indians should take a page out of the Chinese/NoKo book and stall deftly with sharp intermittent attacks.

  3. AD says:

    As I said in reply to a previous post, too many Indians from the older generation have not overcome mental colonialism. They will, therefore, grovel before anybody with a lighter skin color and a better tailored suit- especially if those people also offer them dollars and promise of opportunities for their dumb children. As many of you have seen over the years, this particular mental defect afflicts members of all political parties in India.Remember when the previous BJP government was almost ready to send Indian soldiers to Iraq in 2003? Or what about the less-than-useless nuclear agreement with USA in 2008 signed under UPA1?

    And this brand of spinelessness is not new. Never forget that British exploitation of India during colonial times was possible only because many servile and treacherous Indians were willing to do the dirty work of starving, killing, robbing and abusing their own people on behalf of the colonial government just to get a bit of money and titles from pompous white losers. Sometimes I wonder if people in power (in India) are even capable of objective thought and analysis? Have you ever seen Chinese leaders and bureaucrats grovel like this in front of foreign powers?

    The current BJP government seems to be more interested in criminalizing beef-eating and pushing stories in Indian mythology as scientific fact than actually reforming crippled institutions (especially in the education and technology sector) or implementing any strategic vision (in any area) based in reality. Perhaps it is just more profitable for them as individuals to grovel before, and bend over for, lighter skin colored people with better tailored suits. And then they wonder why pipsqueak countries such as the Maldives and Seychelles treat them with disdain and contempt.

    • &^%$#@! says:

      Good post! What you have described is the coolie complex. BTW this not confined to the “older” generation. I have seen plenty of the “younger” generation display these disgraceful traits,

    • Vishnugupt says:

      Yeah, self-respect is something we Indians need to learn as a whole not just politicians.
      Remember the “HINDU RATE OF GROWTH” argument propounded by the leftists?All this stem from lack of self respect.

      Coming to current BJP’s pussyfooting. Historically BJP was no different from the congress, with the same left leaning economic outlook and “leave us alone” attitude to foreign policy.
      Only Shah and Narendra Bhai are the agents of change in that party, and to bring about a “revolution” in education and technology takes “years” of dedicated planning and funding, which cannot be done in 5 years, and to make matters worse it is not their cup of tea( they are hard headed politicians not intellectuals, all they know is how to grab power and hold it).

      It is the work of right wing intellectuals ( who are currently NON EXISTENT) in the BJP and independent ones to device a working plan which the like of Shah and Modi could pursue when they are in power.

      The real issue with us is that we haven’t come out of the “Shackles of Socialism”, and ironically even our right wing parties lean to the left.

      If the Communist Parties in India were to suddenly turn patriotic one day, then there won’t be any difference between them and the BJP or the Congress.(other than their flags)

    • Shaurya says:

      NDA I actively considered sending troops to Afghanistan not Iraq.

  4. Vishnugupt says:

    I for one don’t think the H1B issue is going to last more than the duration of Trump’s Presidency(assuming he is not impeached),because unlike CAATSA, the congress isn’t particularly interested in raising H1B ceiling. With silicon valley relentlessly lobbying to lower the ceiling, this works in our favor, so i don’t think Delhi needs to loose sleep over this.

  5. Sanjay Gupta says:

    I agree. Uncle Sam cannot be trusted.

  6. Kya says:

    On the tenth anniversary of disgraceful indo us nuje deal forced on India by traitor kutta mm singh the gaddar , I reoroduce what I wrote decades ago.

    How India is being treacherously enslaved by angloamerican agents likes of (unelectable and defeated in democratic election ) this Pm

    manmohan singh and the english media inside india.

    a great misconception is that so caled liberalization and globalization was brought to india by this manmohan singh. In fact soon after

    victory in iraq war in febraury 1991 the bush no. first declared a new world order in which he explicitly said that he will open up the

    world for american business. In fact his trade seccratary immeditealy annomnuced that she will make sure that america open up the thighs

    of thrid world countries (Like as with a vice ) as a slwoly and surely to american business(true analogy to a rape)-that was given the name

    Liberalization and globalization for which the british and americans had been working since 1986. What was left for america to do was

    install maleable stooges inside the thrirld world countries. escpeally those types who are unelctable and have no mass base of their own–

    in other words who are not elelctable democratically but installed from above through media and other manipulations.

    this manmohan singh in india fulffiled that criteria of being unliked and unelctable insignificant person who was willing to act on arder

    of his american masters -if they had asked him to turn communist he would have done that.It is this traitor manmohan singh who informed

    america of impending Indian nuclear test in 1993 and also who openly said that iran pakistan inida pipe line would be difficlt to finance

    -just because his americans masters did not want that!

    It isa sad refletion on india that since 1986 we

    have has only weaklings as our prime minsiters and fincnace minsiters not to speak of non mentionable defence misnters who made sure that

    Indians nuclear and missle programme got stuck at 1986.

    Modus operandi of british and american scumbags –Groom an opposition candidate to run against the guy you hate, pay him well and line up your media to back him.

    During the campaign, sell him as the savior of the bourgeois opposition who lost their money in the revolution. Use your own pollsters and media propaganda to convince his followers that they are going to win by a wide margin.

    When your guy loses, scream “FRAUD!” It’s akin to yelling “FIRE!” in a crowded theatre, inflaming all those disappointed bourgeois counter-revolutionaries. Get them out on the street, setting fires, playing the victim, waving flags, ready-to-go placards, banners, women crying in front of CNN and BBC cameras and men yelling angrily ”

    Rubin, Summers and Geithner are credited with managing the global economy through the turbulent nineties, including the

    Mexican, East Asian, Russian and Latin American financial crises. This narrative glosses over the role they played in forcing countries, particularly in Asia, to liberalize financial flows.

    A New York Times account from February 1999 noted: “It was American officials who pushed for the financial liberalization that nurtured the speculation (even if developing nations themselves welcomed it). And it was American bankers and money managers who poured billions of dollars into those emerging markets. Then, when the crisis hit, American officials insisted on tough measures like budget cuts and high interest rates, which many economists argue made things worse.”

    Summers and Rubin were the point men for liberalization, which led to the rise of oligarchic billionaires and financial panics that saw huge outflows of funds, currency devaluations, mass impoverishment and Western capital sweeping in to cherry-pick industries at fire-sale prices.

  7. Kya says:

    janaury,2007

    Indian anglophile class -especially indian english language media -is a race of Coolies and traitors.
    the same class of indians who are doing propaganda agasint china today are the same people who forced rajiv gandhi in 1987 to make friendship with china(and recognise tibet as part of china) why-? because the usa had ben friend with china since 1984 and wanted india to be friend too as opposed to russia.-therefore the indian parasite class foll=made the Indian foreign policy viz china not to suit india but to suit american interests-it is doing the same but in revere direction this time because their anglo-american masters want them to do so.the same indian elite class (for example the president of ranbaxy one sikh MR. Singh,, chairman of FICCi at the time in 80s was vehemently opposing any defence increase or of of buying of defence equioments while asking for freidnship with china as desired by usa ain 80s). the same FICCi is making propaganda agasint DRDo and(with 6% of defence budget) and indian scintisits saying it has not kept the develpopmnet of innovations and kept the 50 yurs old mig 21 not in shape!.) These same indian traitors want india to buy 40 yrs old arms (like junk f16 and f-18) from america knowing fully well that it comes with a heavy conditions unlike almost condition free and better arms(new mig-35) from russia.-but then thse elites are agents of angnlo american interests -so no surprise here-it is high time that thse elites are destroyed or kicked out of india-these are allwais(iraqi traitor) of india.• Russia is already supplying India with the Sukhoi-30MKI, an advanced “fourth generation” warplane that consistently defeats its Western counterparts, such as the frontline US fighters, the F-15C and F-16. Versions of the Su-30 are also being sold to China, Venezuela, and Malaysia.

    ķ steal it.America also stole from the Germans Rocket and missiles technology.Now they want to make world astand still as it was in late ’91s through self drafted this pact and that pact.Now they want others not to have the same technology. In the same way the british stole Tea production technology , china making tech and what not from China.How much the british tea companies and british china making ones like royal daulton paying royalty to China?none!But they want others to pay for rubbish tech of ’60s retrospectivelly!! In fact even France is fed up with this cancerous anglo-american push to sell,indtead of much better Fernch food,rather rubbish tasteless food of anglo-saxons processed food industy which pushes for rotten and infected food like british beef. India should have sided with France and China to push for common interests.But India chose,under pressure from Anglophile english paper reading minority,to succumb to Low quality rubbish anglo-american products. And Pakistan
    understands this duplicity and is not afraid to disturb that cosy arrangement of these anglo-american shopkeepers.
    As for Bhutto saying that they will rather eat grass than not have bomb,
    they have full filled that ambition when their prime minister asked pakistanis to
    be prepared to even save in eating.Contrast that with response of Indian english knowing
    class and their agents as represented by Indian english papers whose only worry
    was that so called liberalization does not get stuck off.In fact Indian
    atomic arsenal is necessary so that a country like america(whose infra-structure
    know how and technology is much inferior to that of Germany,France and Italy) does not force
    India(as it has been doing for some time) to accept third grade tech, and rubbish so called consumer goods .And here there are these english papers in India who were urging andia to give quick and special rebates
    to americans .Those very americans who have always and will always act against India
    and Indian interests.In fact America and britain(who really governs american foreing ,defence and economic policy)will always support pakisatan not be4cause they love pakis,on the contraire,but because for them pakisatan is an ideal means to poke and put a thorn on the body of India. These english papers and all cheap things that
    they represent talk of India doing all those things that is already known to be agenda of american and british for India.It is no surprise.
    The english media and so called westernized Indians are the voluntary (and sometimes paid) agents of foreign interests.They do not represent western interest either : they represent anglo-american interests which is an interest
    of exploitation and by the sopkeepers race(anglo-americans) with not a single
    drop of culture or taste. And one of these english papers was saying,when camparing India with pakistan than India has a large number of english speaking population(as if that was a positive thing even if it were true!) forgetting to add that
    despite that those countries who consider themselves english speaking(and they do not include in that anyone but their own shopkeepers race of anglo-saxons)never at anytime have given value to Indians while always giving all help to (less english speaking!) Pakistan. Only thing
    is India lose out on translators who would have been recruited from amonst Hindi speaking peoples!.(most of indians).
    In fact these english speaking countries consider these english speakingIndians as coolies-which in fact they are.And pakistanies have refused themselves to be relegated to the status of coolies.Because they have self respect which these english media peoples(in India) have not got.Ten years ago the president of Ficci,an industry organisation and darling of Indian english media had demanded of Govt. of Indiato reduce armed forces(at height of kashmir and Punjab insurrection) and give free reign to foreign firms.And that sort of demand became a reality when Manmohan singh became
    finance minister and narsingh Rao succemed to american pressure to not
    only not test atom bomb but also pack up Agni missiles programmes. All the things that a
    foreign enemy country would have demanded and america di demand. It is no surprise .Because
    Manmohan singh, narsingh rao and all english media (who supported that illegal minority govt.with out mandate to bring fundamental change in India’s self reliability)-asll these creaures were and will
    continue to be agents of foreign interests-paid or otherwise(resulting from their cooliness or in other words from their deep sense of inferiority complex).Thes creatures must be ferreted out from
    political,economic and social power that they have misappropiated.In fact it would be better if these creatures
    are sent to Pakistan who knows how to treat such sort of traitors. A govt. first duty is to protect her citizens from external and internal danger. These elites oppose that. At the same time naturally
    these parasitic elites also oppose the main obligation of a citizen to the govt.-that is to give taxes.In fact only by the right of taking taxes is the govt.recognignized.If India has 200 millions of middle class,as these english indian media always talk about,then where is the corresponding income tax revenue to the Govt. of India?But these english reading population is the biggest tax evader any where in the world.
    But What the Prime minister Mr. Bajpaye does? He ,in stead of attacking previous congress govt. and Janta Dal govt.(whose Gujral and Mulayam singh are disgrace to India having created nearly a revolt
    in Indian Army)-He becomes apologtic and agrees to put self memoratorium. Instead of testing much bigger Hydrogen momb of such magnitude that 2 or 3 of them would be sufficient to destroy whole of pakistan,He
    simply backs down on western pressure and pressure from western agents like english media in india and pressure from those peoples whose vote bank is peoples of dubious loyalty. Ofcourse that big hydrogen bomb would
    be neede ,noyt to be used but to provide deterrence_that is the purpose of atomic weopon.But this Prime minister is
    so much eager to please foriegn anglo-american countries(true enemiy of India) that he adrres Parliament not in his language but in english.That is why in recent rally of child labourers (children of 4 to 14 yers)-who could not even get primary education-
    was addressed by the leaders in India in english.That is how much India has become a nation
    of coolies and hangers on rather than develop any leader ship quality with confidence. And that is why george Fernances-not a friend of america-started making China a villain in the hope of appeasing America-number one enemy of India. Wht Gerge should have said,and what he has realized too late,
    is that if others can keep nuclear missiles then so can India.And matter ends there.BUt no. he had
    to appease real enemy of India-which are America and England-by annoying an asian super power.
    Now what is the solution after this mess up.? First India has to devewlop long range nuclear missiles
    and nuclear submarine ,able to attack America,so that India can deal with all sorts of challenge and not repeat
    blackmail of Irak by anglo-american counties. And it has to rely on Herself.Give less social or economic position
    to english lovers. Secondly India has to deveop bigger Hydrogen bomb-The previos test cdone in one go are not enough.Pakistan does not care about others’s opinion; India also needs confidence.
    Thirdly India should agree to hand over Kashmir(which is gone within 10 years anyway) with
    one provisio-full tranfer of muslim Population from India to kashmir and pakistan of those who are co-religionists of pakistan but living in India.(after all that is the whole rationale of pakistan and seperate kashmir from muslim point of view -is it not?)
    That will cut the bottom of so called secularists-who must also be sent forcibly to Pakistan and they willpreach secularism to pakistanies. As for the likes of Manmohan singh,Narsingha rao,Mulayamsingh yadavand their kinds-They must be beaten to death by a lynching mob so that in future nobody(and especialyy english lovers) will
    ever dare to do so much harm to India.

  8. Kya says:

    _

    JUne 1998.

    Why is India so keen to sign rubbish discriminating treaty?_

    Before the govt. of india and the self respect lacking elite of
    India start any seroious discussion with anybody(more so with india’s enemy
    like u.s.a.)on nuclear treaty ,it must declare what it has in mind and
    ask for peoples’ mandate in way of refrendrum.After all in u.s.a. the presidents have been elected on hawkish pro-nuclear
    programme and even a third rate country like u.k. had elected three times her prime minister
    on pro-nuclear issue. These same west nations preach others to be pacifists. If it was good enough
    for them then it is good enough for India to ask her people directly on such a matter of national security.
    Foreign policy is not done on basis of personal friendship.Who is this Jaswant singh to talk about our nuclear disarmament?
    Those who talk of economic benefit are eluding themselves.America want to unarm India and others
    exactly so that it can impose his exploitative(anglo-saxon and not western)economy.In that model of
    anglo-saxon econmy lies this basic principle-Support your own profit(swadeshi) and take from other countries the
    goods at minimum price.That is why they support theier own rotten ,viral infecxted beef(with no self of foreign meat);
    not buy Japenese cars unless manufactured in their country. That is also why imf is very keen to devalue others currency so that these anglosaxpons country can buy foreign goods cheap and pay little for it.
    Todays’ world is full of economic ruins by those who kissed the poisoned hands of america and u.k.Remember India did have very healthy trade
    balance with west before colonization not by selling much but by selling at high price.So signing nuclear treaty against Indian interest
    would for ever enslave India to tose countries like usa and u.k. who have always been anti-india. Not that they like pakistan or for that matter any europen country
    . This is all anglo-american plot to take over the world. Unless India and others realize it and act accordingly, they are in for long duration of slavery.
    This not an alarmist scenerio, it is the real picture and Indians are kidding themselves if they
    think india has a single friend unless herself.Do you so relationship to
    even your cousins if they are powerless and thus poor? We ar not even their cousin.
    People of India must demand refrendum on this secretive treacherous talk.

  9. sanman says:

    Mr Karnad,
    Part of the problem is that the Russians have been veering closer to our adversary China, much before we started moving closer to the United States. The Russians have been selling the Chinese their top-line military hardware, and had been forming important strategic blocs like Shanghai-5 with China. This has put India at a disadvantage. I think we should leverage engagement with the United States to tell them they need to shift away from their Euro-centrist/Atlanticist biases and cut back their pathological fixation against Moscow — things which no longer benefit US national security. If they can’t do these things, then we should rightly be wary of the USA and its weird geopolitical pathologies. But if the US can sincerely pivot to Asia, then they could help us a lot in countering China, which we are currently not in a good position to do. We need to rope in the Japanese to help convince the USA, because the Japanese have a lot at stake over which way we decide to tilt.

    • Kya says:

      Tell that to americans who were giving f16 to pakistan before and after nuke deal with india.
      We have no guts to demand of usa what we 3rd rate nation dare ask of russia.
      Just thank your good luck that russia still have spiritual affinity with indians which tratir indians do not deserve.
      Why would russia annoy china for sake of ungrateful coolie nation like india?

    • Russia is as apprehensive as India is re: China, but has more will and wherewithal. So far better bet than the US. In any case, as I have written in recent past blogs — and which is detailed in my forthcoming book — the best geopolitical/geostrategic coalitions to control the two proto-hegemons of concern to India — China and the US, are BRIS (BRICS minus China) and the Mod Quad — Quadrilateral (India-Japan-select Southeast Asian states-Australia) minus the US.

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